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THE DECENTRALIZATION PROCESS AS A FACTOR FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF TERRITORIAL COMMUNITIES’ BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT

Title:  THE DECENTRALIZATION PROCESS AS A FACTOR FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF TERRITORIAL COMMUNITIES’ BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
Authors:  Panukhnyk, Olena
Holych, Nataliia
Affiliation:  Ternopil Ivan Puluj National Technical University 56 Ruska str., 46001, Ternopil, Ukraine *e-mail: natakv93@gmail.com **e-mail: panukhnyk@gmail.com
Bibliographic description:  Holych, N., & Panukhnyk, O. (2019) Protses detsentralizatsii yak chynnyk rozvytku biznesseredovyshcha terytorialnykh hromad [The decentralization process as a factor for the development of the territorial community business environment]. Sotsialno-ekonomichni problemy i derzhava [Socio-Economic Problems and the State] (electronic journal), Vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 112- 121. Available at: http://sepd.tntu.edu.ua/images/stories/pdf/2019/19hnvstg.pdf
Issue Date:  dec-2019
Submitted date:  oct-2019
Publisher:  Ternopil Ivan Puluj National Technical University

DOI:


https://doi.org/10.33108/sepd2019.02.112


UDC:  352
336
JEL:  R23
О18
Keywords:  decentralization
enterprise
small business
territorial community
Pages:  112-121
10
First page:  112
Last page:  121
Abstract: 

An overview of modern approaches to the concept of "decentralization of power" is given in the article. The essence of decentralization as a political and legal reform has been systematized. The decentralization specific influence on the stimulation of economic development of territorial communities’ business environment is investigated. It is defined that one of the main peculiarities of decentralization of state power in Ukraine is that at the same time the processes of local self-government reform, territorial organization of executive power, administrative-territorial organization and state regional policy are ongoing. The dynamics of united territorial communities creation in Ukraine in 2015-2019 is researched. It was found that Zhytomyr, Chernihiv, Khmelnytsky, Zaporizhia and Dnipropetrovsk regions showed the best results in the general rating of regions in terms of the number of united territorial communities to be established. The financial aspects of the united territorial communities activities in Ternopil region are analyzed by the analytical indicators grouped in the following four groups: income per capita; level of budget subsidies; share of administrative expenditures in the community budget; share of wages in the general fund expenditures. Based on the conducted analysis, positive changes in the community budget and state support are identified, which helped to develop a favorable climate for business development in the region. Ukraine's position in the Doing Business rating in 2019 has been analyzed. The research results show that it has significantly improved its position, in particular, due to decentralization. Prospects for the development of territorial communities’ business environment under conditions of decentralization reform are outlined based on the conducted analysis.


Keywords: decentralization, enterprise, small business, territorial community.

URI:  http://elartu.tntu.edu.ua/handle/lib/30951
ISSN:  2223-3822
Copyright owner:  Scientific Journal "Socio-Economic Problems and the State"
URL-releated material:  http://sepd.tntu.edu.ua/images/stories/pdf/2019/19hnvstg.pdf
https://decentralization.gov.ua/about
http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/333-2014-%D1%80
http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/
https://www.kmu.gov.ua/storage/app/media/reforms/57-pasport-reformi-deentralizatsiya-zagalniy.pdf
https://storage.decentralization.gov.ua/uploads/library/file/414/10.09.2019.pdf
https://www.doingbusiness.org/content/dam/doingBusiness/media/Annual-Reports/English/DB2019-report_web-version.pdf
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Issue type:  Article
Appears in Collections:

Scientific Journal "Socio-Economic Problems and the State", Vol.21, No.2

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