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Forms and mechanisms of participatory democracy


Forms and mechanisms of participatory democracy


Kuzhda, Tetiana
Halushchak, Mykhailo
Halushchak, Olha



Ternopil Ivan Pul'uj National Technical University 56 Ruska str., 46001, Ternopil, Ukraine

Bibliographic description: 

Kuzhda, T., Halushchak, M. & Halushchak, O. (2021) Formy ta mekhanizmy demokratii uchasti [Forms and mechanisms of participatory democracy]. Sotsialno-ekonomichni problemy i derzhava [Socio-Economic Problems and the State] (electronic journal), Vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 15-25. Available at:

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Ternopil Ivan Puluj National Technical University










participatory democracy,
public control
subject of power
legal consequences





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The most important aspects of effective citizen-government interaction, successful development of civil society institutions, community and state depend on forming, legal consolidation and practical use of an effective forms and mechanisms of participatory democracy in Ukraine. Effective practical use of participatory democracy depends on the legal framework, the government's willingness to cooperate, as well as the competence and willingness to engage with civil society activists and the proper development of civil society institutions that contribute to democratization and development of Ukrainian society. The levels of citizen-government interaction including an informational, informational-consultative, mutual participation have been expanded by singling out the constant dialogue and mutual participation, public control and e-democracy. The citizens’ appeals, electronic petitions, public hearings, meetings of citizens at the place of residence, local initiatives, local referendum, advisory bodies, self-organization bodies, public discussions and public expertise as the forms of participatory democracy have been described in the article. The differences between the forms of participatory democracy in terms of the order of their preparation, implementation and legal consequences have been indicated. The role of public participation in the budget process has been determined and the participation budget was singled out as a tool of the community for better understanding of local budget and forming their own projects. The advantages of practical use of participatory democracy for the public and the government have been clarified, in particular, strengthening the level of mutual dialogue, increasing its efficiency and the government's response to public problems; growing citizens' trust in the government; improving the image of government through the implementation of transparency, openness and involvement; and consideration of public recommendations by the subjects of power within the framework of certain procedures.




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Scientific Journal "Socio-Economic Problems and the State"

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Scientific Journal "Socio-Economic Problems and the State", Vol.24, No.1



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